A Survey of the Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among Children in Lower Primary Schools in Darnah City, Libya

  • The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of refractive errors among school children attending lower primary school in Darnah city eastern part of Libya and the frequency of the various types of refractive errors, and their associated to selected demographic variables among school children.

  • The study was conducted at selected school with 10 samples. The tool used for the study was demographic variable and checklist to assess the factors associated with refractive error.

  • A total of 1000 children from 10 schools were randomly selected. However 920 were examined. Mean age of the students was 9.53±1.5.

  • Refractive error was associated with female sex (107) one hundred seven children had a significant refractive error of ±0.50 or worse in one or both eyes, giving a prevalence of 11.6% and the commonest refractive error was hypermetropia which accounted for (57) 53.2% of all errors.

  • This was followed by astigmatism with 34 (31.7%) children and myopia with 16 (14.9%). Conclusion: Refractive error needs careful evaluation and preventive care for children which leads to impaired quality of life and interfere with their daily lifestyle. Assessing the risk factor will help us to prevent and control the problem of refractive error in future generation which is helpful for the students to live a life problem free life.

Publication date

April 25, 2019




Khalid AK Elmajri
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