Demographic factors associated with myopia knowledge, attitude and preventive practices among adults in Ghana: a population-based cross-sectional survey
Knowledge, positive attitude and good preventive practices (KAP) are essential in myopia control. Ghanaian participants in this study assessing KAP, exhibited adequate knowledge of myopia, which varied significantly based on their region of residence and socio-demographic factors. They demonstrated good myopia preventive practices despite generally holding a negative attitude toward myopia. Myopia knowledge was influenced by age, while the type of employment predicted preventive practices. Region of residence played a role in both attitude and preventive practices related to myopia. The study's findings suggest a disconnect between participants' knowledge of myopia and their actual engagement in preventive measures. This gap may be due to various factors, including cultural beliefs, accessibility to healthcare services, and sociodemographic differences. To address this disparity, future myopia health education campaigns in Ghana should consider these factors. Tailored approaches that account for regional and demographic variations are essential to bridge the gap between knowledge and action in myopia prevention.