Determinants of Health Care Needs in Relation to Vision Correction among Adolescents in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study
This retrospective study conducted in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of self-reported vision correction needs among adolescents aged 13 -20 years between 2007 and 2009. The study found a relatively high prevalence (26.8%) of self-reported vision correction needs, with factors associated including age, gender, location of residence (emirate), nationality, parental education and employment, household financial status, screen time usage, recent visits to an eye specialist, and daily functional capacity. The study's findings highlight the importance of addressing vision correction needs among adolescents as it can impact their academic performance and overall quality of life. The prevalence of self-reported needs was influenced by sociodemographic and environmental factors, underscoring the importance of early screening and access to vision correction resources. The study suggests the need for policies and strategies to improve access to vision care services, especially for those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. While the study provides valuable insights into vision correction needs among UAE adolescents during the specified period, it also acknowledges certain limitations, such as the use of self-reported data and the need for further research to assess the type of vision impairment and other sociocultural factors that impact vision care utilization.