Parental History of Myopia, Sports and Outdoor Activities, and Future Myopia

  • The purpose of this study was to identify if parental history of myopia and/or parent-reported children’s visual activity levels can predict juvenile-onset myopia.

  • This was a longitudinal study conducted on a cohort of 514 school-aged children.

  • From the sample of 514 children eligible for study analysis, 111 (21.6%) became myopic.

  • Differences in the third grade between eventual myopes and nonmyopes were recognised for the number of myopic parents (P < 0.001).

  • There were differences in sports and outdoor activity hours per week (11.65 ± 6.97 hours for nonmyopes vs. 7.98 ± 6.54 hours for future myopes, P < 0.001).

  • The area under the curve for the parental myopia history and sports and outdoor activities model was 0.73.

  • The study shows that parental history of myopia was an important predictor of juvenile-onset myopia.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.

Publication date

December 7, 2016


Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science


Jones, L.A., Sinnott, L.T., Mutti, D.O., Mitchell, G.L., Moeschberger, M.L. and Zadnik, K.
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