Prevalence of Refractive Error Among School Children in the Cape Coast Municipality, Ghana

  • Uncorrected refractive errors continue to remain a public health problem among different population groups.

  • Among school children, it has a considerable impact on learning and academic achievement especially in under-served and under-resourced communities. There is a dearth of information about the magnitude of the problem in Ghana.

  • A school based cross-sectional study was carried out to estimate the prevalence and distribution of refractive error among school children ages 5-19 years old in the Cape Coast Municipality of Central Region of Ghana. A total of 1103 school children were enumerated out of which 961 underwent a full eye examination.

  • Of the children examined, only 0.6% had previously had an eye examination. Low prevalence rates of low vision and blindness were found while 25.6% of the children examined had refractive errors.

  • The study concludes that uncorrected refractive error is a common cause of visual impairment among school children in the municipality. A low uptake of eye care is also noted. The study makes recommendations for appropriate measures to ensure compulsory eye examination for school children in the Cape Coast Municipality.

Publication date

February 22, 2019


Clinical Optometry - Dove Press


Ovenseri-Ogbomo G, Omuemu V
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