Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among Primary School Pupils in Kilungu Division of Makueni District, Kenya

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude and pattern of significant refractive errors in primary school children in Kilungu division of Makueni District, Kenya.

  • This was a primary school based cross-sectional study conducted with 1,439 Primary school pupils aged 12 and 15 years.

  • The prevalence of significant refractive error was 5.2%, and was responsible for 92.6 % of all causes of poor eyesight.

  • The prevalence of hypermetropia was 3.2%, followed by myopia, 1.7% and astigmatism 0.3%.

  • Myopia was mostly present in children aged 14 to 15 years than those aged 12 to 13 years.

  • The overall prevalence of significant refractive errors in children aged 12 to 15 years in Makueni’s Kilungu division at 5.2% was high enough to justify a regular school eye screening in primary schools in Kenya.

Publication date

May 3, 2017


Medical Journal of Zambia


Muma, M.K., Kimani, K., Kariuki-Wanyoike, M.M., Ilako, D.R. and Njuguna, M.W.
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