Refractive Error Pattern of Children in South-South Nigeria: A Tertiary Hospital Study

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of refractive errors among children in Bayelsa State, South-South Nigeria.

  • This was retrospective review of all the children (4 – 15 years) who were refracted at the eye clinic of the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital.

  • Refractive error was present in 114 children consisting of 72 (63.2%) females and 42 (36.8%) males.

  • The most common refractive error was myopia presenting 61.4% of cases.

  • The prevalence of myopia, astigmatism and hyperopia were 13.8%, 6.1% and 2.6% respectively.

  • Refractive error was common in children with myopia as the most common type and more prevalent in females.

Publication date

March 5, 2018

Sponsor Institution

Sky Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences


Opubiri, I., Adio, A. and Megbelayin, E.
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