Research

The Impact of Computer use on Myopia Development in Childhood: The Generation R study

  • The aim of this study is to investigate the association between computer use and myopia in the context of other near work activities.

  • Studied 5074 children born in Rotterdam between 2002 and 2006. Refractive error and axial length was measured at ages 6 and 9.

  • Increased computer use is associated with myopia development before the age of 10 years.

  • Computer use was not as strongly associated as reading books.

  • The combined effect of all near work activities could be compensated by outdoor exposure.

  • The risks of digital devices on myopia and the protection by outdoor exposure should become widely known.

Publication date

March 22, 2021

Publication

Preventive Medicine

Sponsor Institution

Oogfonds, ODAS, Uitzicht 2017-28, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research and European Research Council (ERC)

Authors

Clair A. Enthoven, J. Willem L. Tidemana, Jan Roelof Polling, Junwen Yang-Huang, Hein Raat, Caroline C. W. Klaver
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