The Prevalence and Pattern of Visual Impairment and Blindness Among Primary School Pupils in Kitale Municipality, Kenya

  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and pattern of Visual Impairment (VI) and blindness among primary school pupils in Kitale Municipality.

  • This was a cross-sectional school based study conducted with 776 pupils aged 5 to 22 years.

  • The prevalence of visual impairment was 4.77% and 0% for severe visual impairment while that of blindness was 0.13%.

  • Refractive error was the leading cause of VI (81.08%).

  • Other causes were albinism (5.1%), corneal disease (5.1%), disease of whole globe (2.70%), strabismus (2.70%) and nystagmus (2.70%).

  • There is need to do annual school eye screening by relevant ministries in order to enhance early detection and management of eye problems among primary school pupils.

Publication date

March 7, 2018


Journal of Ophthalmology of Eastern Central and Southern Africa


Wanyama, E.B.
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