Visual Impairment, Uncorrected Refractive Error, and Objectively Measured Balance in the United States

  • The purpose of this study was to compare balance measures in individuals with normal vision, visual impairment, and uncorrected refractive error.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with a total of 4590 adults aged 40 years or older.

  • Self-reported falling difficulties were significantly more common among those having VI compared with those having normal vision (15.6%vs 3.9%, P < .01).

  • Participants with URE had more difficulty with falling than participants with normal vision.

  • VI-associated vision loss and URE associated vision loss are both associated with poor vestibular balance.

Publication date

November 16, 2017


JAMA Ophthalmology


Willis, J.R., Vitale, S.E., Agrawal, Y. and Ramulu, P.Y.
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