Myopia and International Educational Performance

  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between myopia, educational performance and engagement in after-school tutorial classes.

  • This study was based on the Educational performance data and data on engagement in after-school tutorial classes were taken from the results of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Program in Secondary Assessment (PISA) reports for 2009.

  • The locations with a high prevalence of myopia combined high educational performance and high engagement in after-school tutorials.

  • The locations with a low prevalence of myopia combined high educational performance with little engagement in tutorials.

  • The study results demonstrate that it is possible to achieve high educational outcomes without extensive engagement in after-school tutorials.

  • The study results shows that the combination of high educational outcomes with extensive use of tutorials is associated with high prevalence rates of myopia.

  • The study suggests that extensive use of after-school tutorials may be a marker of educational environments which impose high educational loads.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.

Publication date

December 7, 2016


Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics


Morgan, I.G. and Rose, K.A.
Share this