Myopia and Near Work: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
This study conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis on myopia and near work, including adults and occupational exposure. The findings suggest that near work, including occupational exposure, may be associated with myopia. The global prevalence of myopia in near work was 35%, with a higher prevalence in adults (46%) compared to children (32%). Myopia progression was found to be -0.39 diopters per year, with children experiencing faster progression than adults. The odds of myopia in individuals exposed to near work were increased by 26%, with a 31% increase in children and a 21% increase in adults. The study also explored factors influencing myopia prevalence, progression, and odds. It found that myopia was more prevalent in adults than children, higher in women compared to men, and more common in Asia compared to other regions. There was a trend suggesting an association between indoor activity and myopia prevalence. However, the study did not identify significant variables influencing myopia progression or odds. Overall, the results indicate that near work, including occupational exposure, may play a role in the development of myopia, particularly in children. The study highlights the need for targeted prevention efforts, especially in the workplace, to address the global public health issue of myopia.