Parental awareness of the implications of myopia and strategies to control its progression: A survey-based study
Myopia, a growing public health concern, affects a significant population globally, with projections indicating a substantial increase in cases by 2050. This study focuses on parental awareness and concerns about myopia in children aged 6–16 and the strategies for its control. Results showed 67% of parents having at least one myopic child, with most children experiencing moderate myopia. Parents expressed significant concern about myopia, attributing its causes mainly to genetics and electronic device usage. Among the few parents aware of the consequences of high myopia, parental concern was linked to perception of the myopia's progression speed and awareness of its potential health consequences, mainly, retinal detachment. Almost 40% of parents were unaware of myopia control strategies. Myopia control soft contact lenses was the most recognized control strategy, while spectacles with peripheral defocus lenses was the preferred choice. The study revealed a need for increased awareness among parents about myopia and its potential complications. Eye care practitioners and relatives were key sources of information for parents. The study emphasizes the importance of disseminating information about myopia and its control methods, involving parents in prevention efforts, and the role of healthcare institutions in raising awareness about this public health issue.