Prevalence and sociodemographic factors associated with vision difficulties in Ghana, Gambia, and Togo: a multi-country analysis of recent multiple indicator cluster surveys

Utilizing recent Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, this study evaluates the prevalence and determinants of vision difficulties in West African countries (Ghana, Gambia, and Togo). Vision difficulties, a proxy for vision impairment, were more prevalent among women in Ghana and Togo, but more common in men in Gambia. Age, education, marital status, and region of residence showed gender-specific associations with reported vision difficulties. Older age consistently increased the likelihood of vision difficulties in both genders. Education was a significant correlate for women in Ghana and Gambia, with lower education associated with higher odds of vision difficulties. In Ghana, household wealth influenced vision difficulties in men. Marital status played a role, with unmarried individuals more likely to report vision difficulties. Regional variations were observed in all three countries. The findings underscore the gender disparities and complex sociodemographic factors associated with vision difficulties. Addressing gender inequities, promoting vision care for older individuals, and considering regional variations are essential for effective interventions in these West African countries. The study contributes valuable insights into the nuanced dynamics of vision difficulties in the context of gender and sociodemographic factors.

Publication date

November 24, 2021


BMC Public Health


Abdul-Aziz Seidu; Pascal Agbadi; Precious Adade Duodu; Nutifafa Eugene Yaw Dey; Henry Ofori Duah; Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
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