Prevalence of visual impairment and associated factors among children in Ethiopia: Systematic review and meta-analysis
This review focuses on visual impairment among children in Ethiopia, highlighting its impact on psychological, educational, and socioeconomic aspects. The study aims to estimate the pooled prevalence of visual impairment and its associated factors in Ethiopia. Using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach following PRISMA guidelines, the researchers examined relevant articles and reports from 2011 to 2021. They found that the overall prevalence of visual impairment among Ethiopian children was 7%. Interestingly, there was no significant association identified between specific factors and visual impairment, but certain trends emerged. Males and older children (10-18 years) were less likely to have visual impairment, while children with visually impaired parents were more likely to have visual impairment. The study notes that visual impairment remains a public health concern in Ethiopia, even after the VISION 2020 initiative aimed to eliminate avoidable blindness. Approximately one in fourteen Ethiopian children suffers from visual impairment. The research emphasizes the need for the Ethiopian government to prioritize comprehensive eye health services integrated into the national healthcare system to prevent avoidable visual impairment among children.