Refractive Status of Patients Attending Eye Clinics of the Public Health System from Aguascalientes, Mexico
This paper aims to evaluate the prevalence of REs in a clinic from Aguascalientes, Mexico by analysing clinical records from the local public health system.
Refractive errors (REs) are quite common globally, but no data have been published regarding their frequency in clinics from Mexico.
A priori, the frequency of ametropias should be high as admixture ancestry from this region is mainly European and Amerindian, the regions with high prevalence worldwide.
This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2195 subjects from records of public optometry services during the year 2018. Information obtained included age, gender, sphere, cylinder and axis.
The prevalence of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism was determined by gender and age groups in paediatric and adult patients.
Chi-square testing was applied to determine significant differences in prevalence across age groups and gender. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant.
In subjects under 18 years of age, the prevalence of emmetropia, astigmatism, myopia and hyperopia was 20.1%, 51.1%, 7.0% and 11.8%, respectively. In adults, emmetropia was present at a frequency of 20.1%, while 57.1% presented astigmatism, 12.4% hyperopia and 8.6% presented myopia.
A significant association was observed between the presence of REs and age and gender.
In this first report of prevalence of REs from western Mexico, astigmatism was the most prevalent RE in children, adolescents and adults while the least common was myopia.
Important differences were found in prevalence in comparison to national and international reports.