School Grades and Myopia

  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between school performance and myopia in Singapore children.

  • This was a cohort study conducted in 740 children (50.3% boys and 49.7% girls) aged 10–12 years.

  • The prevalence of myopia in Singapore children was 62.2%.

  • Significant associations were found for English language (p = 0.001) and native language school examination scores (p < 0.001).

  • The associations with mathematics school examination scores were of borderline significance (p = 0.055).

  • In Singapore children, there is a positive association between school academic achievement and myopia, independent of associations with reading in books per week and IQ test scores.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.

Publication date

December 7, 2016


Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics


Saw, S.M., Cheng, A., Fong, A., Gazzard, G., Tan, D.T. and Morgan, I.
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