Screening for Refractive Error and Fitting with Spectacles in Rural and Urban India: Cost-Effectiveness

  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of screening for refractive error and fitting with glasses in India.

  • A decision tree was used to measure the cost-effectiveness of school-based screening (SBS) and primary eye care (PEC) settings in urban and rural India.

  • Urban SBS was highly cost-effective when compared with no screening.

  • Rural SBS was moderately cost-effective for ages 5-15 and highly cost-effective for ages 7-15.

  • The cost-effectiveness between SBS and PEC depends on the choice of targeted age group and area of the intervention.

Publication date

July 11, 2016


Ophthalmic Epidemiology


K.D. Frick, L. Riva-Clement and M.B. Shankar
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