Simulated Hyperopic Anisometropia and Reading, Visual Information Processing, and Reading-Related Eye Movement Performance in Children
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of refractive error among primary school children.
This study included 16 children (mean age: 11.1 ± 6 0.8 years) with minimal refractive error.
Simulated hyperopic anisometropia and sustained near work both independently reduced performance on all of the outcome measures (P < 0.001).
There was a significant interaction between simulated anisometropia and near work (P < 0.05).
There was a greatest reduction in performance during simulated anisometropia in combination with sustained near work.
Laterality of the refractive error simulation (ocular dominance) did not significantly influence the outcome measures (P > 0.05).
There was a decrease of up to 12% in performance across the range of academic related measures following sustained near work undertaken during the anisometropic simulation.
Simulated hyperopic anisometropia significantly reduced academic-related performance, mainly in combination with sustained near work.
This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.