Spectacles Use in a Rural Population in the State of Telangana in South India

  • The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and patterns of spectacles use among those aged ≥40 years in the South Indian state of Telangana.

  • This was a population-based, cross-sectional study conducted with 6150 people from 123 clusters in the two districts of Telangana state.

  • The prevalence of current spectacles use was 28.8% (95% confidence interval: 27.6–30.0).

  • Spectacles use was significantly associated with older age groups, female gender, higher levels of education, and residing in Adilabad district.

  • Bifocals were the most commonly used type of spectacles (56.3%), and private eye clinics (70.3%) were the leading service providers.

  • The study found that the spectacles coverage was 53.6%.

  • The study revealed good spectacles coverage in the two districts studies which can be improved further to reach the goal of elimination of refractive errors as a cause of visual impairment in this region.

Publication date

January 25, 2018


Indian Journal of Ophthalmology


Marmamula, S., Khanna, R.C., Kunuku, E. and Rao, G.N.
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