Spectacles, Contact Lenses, and Children's Self-Concepts: A Longitudinal Study

  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological effects of replacing spectacles with contact lenses.

  • This was a longitudinal study with a sample of 125 children aged 10 to 13 years old.

  • There were 45 girls and 24 boys in the contact lenses group, and 23 girls and 33 boys in the spectacles group.

  • Although the contact lenses group (mean = 0.158) had slightly higher overall self-concept scores throughout the study than spectacles group (mean = 0.842 ± 0.181, the difference was not significant (F 1, 123 = 0.89, p = 0.35).

  • The high Myopia group has a mean overall self-concept score of 0.827 ± 0.183, and the low Myopia group had a mean overall self-concept score of 0.876 ± 0.148.

  • Myopia and length of time were correlated with each other (r = ─ 0.326, F1.123 = 14.59, p < 0.001).

  • The more myopic participants had lower self-concepts than the less myopic children.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.

Publication date

December 7, 2016


Optometry and Vision Science


Terry, R.L., Soni, P.S. and Horner, D.G.
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