The Prevalence of Refractive Errors and Spectacle Uptake in Truck Drivers: A North Indian Cross-Sectional Study
This study analyzes the prevalence and types of refractive errors among truck drivers, as well as their uptake of glasses.
Retrospective cross-sectional study of data collected between July 2017 and June 2018, through eye camps held across the national capital region.
An optometrist conducted a comprehensive eye examination.
Refractive error was defined as myopia (spherical equivalent of at least −0.5 diopter [D]), hyperopia (spherical equivalent of at least +0.5 D), or astigmatism (only cylinder of 0.5 D or more).
Drivers requiring spectacles to read at a normal distance (35–40 cm) were categorized as having presbyopia.
Those needing both distance and near vision correction were analyzed separately.
Data were analyzed for the prevalence of refractive errors and its types.
Spectacles uptake and its association with age categories, number of affected eyes, type and severity of refractive errors were analyzed.
Statistical analysis was carried out using R software version 3.1.1 and Excel 2013.
Refractive error (including presbyopia) was over 26% in the 4059 truck drivers screened.
8.8% needed distance correction, 24.3% needed near correction and 6.6% needed both, at least in one eye.
Uptake was only 47% among those prescribed glasses and was higher among drivers requiring only near correction.
The study highlights the importance of eye examination among truckers.
There is a need to increase the uptake of spectacles by increasing awareness and developing better models of spectacle delivery.