The Relationship Between Moderate Hyperopia and Academic Achievement: How Much Plus Is Enough?

  • The purpose of this study was to assess relationship between moderate hyperopia and academic achievement.

  • This was a population-based cross-sectional study with 1 000 children randomly selected by school personnel from first-through-fifth grade.

  • The refractive status and achievement test scores of 782 first-through-fifth grade children were compared.

  • 33% of the myopic children were high scores, as compared with only 13% of the hyperopic children.

  • The difference was not so high among the low scoring group, which contained 10% of the myopic children, as compared with 14% of the hyperopic children.

  • The difference between myopic and hyperopic children is significant (X2 = 5.64; df = 1; p = 017).

  • There is a strong correlation between hyperopia and academic underachievement.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.

Publication date

December 7, 2016


Journal of American Optometric Association


Rosner, J.
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