Uncorrected Refractive Error in Singapore Teenagers

  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence rate of uncorrected refractive error and associated risk factors among Singapore school.

  • This was a cross sectional study of 628 children and the participation rate was 99.8%.

  • The prevalence rate of uncorrected refractive error was 22.3% (95% confidence interval (CI) 19.0% to 25.5%).

  • The multivariate adjusted odds ratio of uncorrected refractive error in students with the lowest academic ability was 2.24 (95% CI 1.34 to 3.73).

  • Increasing time interval since the last visit to an eye care provider increased the risk of uncorrected refractive error (trend p = 0.001).

  • Uncorrected refractive error was a major problem among Singapore students and resulted in low academic ability.

This article was identified as a reference for a VII-commissioned systematic review on the Impact of URE on Children.

Publication date

December 7, 2016


British Journal of Ophthalomology


Ho, C.D., Ng, C.C., Chan, E., Ngeow, A., Wijaya, R., Ashok, V., Tang, W., Gazzard, G., Chua, W.H. and Saw, S.M.
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