Visual impairment and employment in Norway
This cross-sectional study explores employment rates among individuals with visual impairment and their association with various factors. The study includes 574 working-age adults from the Norwegian Association of the Blind and Partially Sighted. Results indicate that 44.1% are employed, with higher rates among middle-aged, male, higher-educated individuals residing in high-income municipalities. Factors like higher onset-age of vision loss, severe/blind impairment, and additional impairments are associated with lower employment. Employed participants exhibit lower depression levels and higher life satisfaction. Compared to the general population, the employment gap is 33%, emphasizing the need for inclusive practices. The study recommends adapting the labor market for visual impairment inclusion, considering universal design, workplace modification, and changing negative attitudes. The findings suggest that combining part-time work with disability benefits could enhance inclusivity. Despite a relatively high employment rate in this population (44%), addressing these factors could further reduce the employment gap and improve overall well-being.